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Esther (BrokenJaw) LittleCook
Notes of Reference
Regarding Ponca Tribal Clans
The Straight Paths Clan, Rainmakers
The Rainmakers are said to be gifted with the "opportunity" of
appealing to Wah-Kohn-Dah, the Great Spirit, for rain,
that is, if they remain true to their "Straight Path."
The Medicine Clan
The Deer Clan
No touching of deer meat.
The Half-Breed Clan
Children of intermarrieds.
The Osage Clan
The children of this clan are given snake names.
The Warrior Clan
The Ice Clan
There were only a few of these.
The Bear Clan
These returned to Nebraska.
The Buffalo Clan
They do not eat Buffalo meat or Deer meat.
The Blood Clan
Chief WhiteEagle's Clan
Consider themselves to be servants to the people.
info presently incomplete
Notes of Reference
Regarding Name Interpretations
The beautiful Indian names these people originally had,
were badly corrupted by well-meaning interpreters.
"Rain In the Face."
a trusted Straight Path Band member
or Rain Band member, became "The Cook" - or -
'against a snake-like enemy,' became
who 'broke their jaws apart to speak,' became
Who-Cha "Liz" (King) Smith,
a Sam & Rachel descendant, told the following:
"My daughter missed the bus and didn't come home from school.
I went to look for her and found her sitting on the steps of
the school. She was sitting, patiently waiting.
As we drove out the drive, a Coyote ran across the road in
front of the car, and I said to her,
'Look! The Old Man has been watching you.' "
Who-Cha's story is regarding the teachings about there being
no other animal as human-like as the Coyote. He is crafty,
quick, inventive, and is a survivor. The Ponca's respect him
and call him "Old Man," or "One-Who-Is-Wise."
When a person is someplace where they should not be,
it is said that Coyotes sit off at a distance in the woods
and watch that person, whom they consider to be
Also, this "watching" that the Coyotes do, is a warning, ie.,
"Even when you think you are getting away with something,
there is always someone there to see what you are doing.
Even if it be but a Coyote, remember,
he is your relative."
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